Skin Lesion Education in the Primary Care Setting Recognizing Normal Versus Abnormal: A Video Intervention
Purpose: While skin cancer diagnoses are increasing rapidly in the United States, the majority of skin cancer education has focused on written or verbal communication. In response, this project was created to assess for increased knowledge following an educational video intervention regarding normal and abnormal skin lesions and skin cancer prevention practices among patients at a primary care clinic.
Methods: An informative 8-minute video intervention guided the project. A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design and descriptive statistics were used for data analysis.
Results: The sample concluded with 30 participants that presented to a primary care clinic in Wewahitchka, FL. An improvement was reported in the number and percentage of correct lesion responses post video intervention in all lesion categories. Assessment of prevention behaviors revealed an improvement in four out of five prevention strategies and remained consistent in the pre-test and post-test across one category. Intervention acceptance revealed 24 participants (80%) either agreeing or strongly agreeing that the intervention was acceptable to provide the education.
Discussion: The project was effective at increasing identification of normal and abnormal skin lesions and skin cancer prevention behaviors among patients at a primary care clinic.
Conclusion: A video intervention in the primary care setting could be an efficient tool to promote skin lesion education and skin cancer prevention behaviors. The video education was significant because it bridged the current identified gaps in health knowledge and literacy, and has the ongoing potential to improve health outcomes regarding skin cancer identification and prevention in a variety of settings.
Major Professor: Jolynn Greenhalgh, DNP, APRN