The Impact of an Educational Intervention on Florida’s Healthcare Provider’s knowledge and Confidence to Identify and Manage Victims of Human Trafficking
Purpose: this project is to assess and describe current knowledge and confidence of Florida’s healthcare providers to identify and treat victims of human trafficking and assess for changes following an evidence-based educational intervention.
Methods: The project utilized a quasi-experimental longitudinal design with pre- and post- surveys. A total of 1,663 (18.8%) of Florida’s healthcare providers completed the pre-survey. Participants completed an adapted version of the Provider Responses, Treatment, and Care for Trafficked People survey to assess perceived knowledge, actual knowledge, and confidence levels. Participants were then given nationally accepted educational materials and 26.2% (n=435) of the original participants completed the post-survey one-month later.
Results: Pre-survey results indicate that 21% of responding providers had previous contact with a trafficking victim while over 67% felt they have had not received sufficient training on how to assist victims. Fifty percent of respondents didn’t know what questions to ask or what to say/not say to a victim, 20.9% respondents felt they knew at least some of the indicators commonly exhibited by victims, and less than 24% were aware of local/national support services. Most of the responding providers did not feel confident in documenting trafficking (69.5%) or making referrals for victims. After the educational intervention, providers had significant increases in all areas of perceived knowledge and confidence regarding the identification and management of trafficking victims. The educational intervention also resulted in increased actual knowledge although the increases were not statistically significant at the 95% level of confidence.
Conclusions: Florida’s healthcare providers frequently come into contact with potential trafficking victims but lack the confidence and knowledge to respond appropriately. Educational handouts have shown to increase levels of perceived knowledge and confidence, but further training is needed to assure victims are identified and managed properly.
Major Professor: LeeAnn Barfield, DNP, AG-ACNP-BC