African American Men’s Knowledge Regarding Contraception – An Intervention Study
Primary Investigator: Ruben De Leon, BSN, RN
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to determine the effect of an educational intervention designed to improve African American men’s knowledge of common contraception methods.
Methods: The study used a Pre-test/Post-test design with a convenience sample of African American men aged 18-30. Baseline knowledge was tested followed by an educational intervention and post-test. The study was conducted in a local fitness studio. The educational intervention consisted of a graphic presentation embedded in Qualtrics. Topics include intra-uterine devices (IUDs), oral contraceptives, injectables, vaginal ring, condoms and common misconceptions.
Results: The results indicated statistically significant differences on 5 out of the 20 items (p<0.001), involving advanced methods of female contraception. The results indicated moderately strong correlations between ‘confidence on topic’ and ‘notion of control in contraception’(r=0.554). Additionally, ‘previous education on topic’ and ‘confidence on topic’ also produced a moderate strength correlation (r=0.534). Overall, 96% of participants stated varying degrees of improvement in notions of confidence and control on the topic after the activity. 100% of participants reported increased likelihood of taking the initiative regarding contraceptive matters in their relationships and 93% wished educational tools such as this activity were more readily available in this area.
Discussion: The study indicated knowledge deficits that were subsequently addressed through a brief intervention. It further emphasized the role of individual factors such as knowledge and confidence in improving male participation in contraceptive decision-making.
Conclusion: This study was important because it served to fill a void in the dearth of research focusing on African American men and their role in unwanted pregnancies. Educational interventions are typically focused on women; however, men play a critical role in unwanted pregnancies.
Major Professor: Dr. James Whyte, ND, PHD, FNAP, FAAN